What is Network Automation? The use of software to automate network and security management and provisioning in order to maximize network functionality and efficiency is known as network automation. This includes the automation of configuration management, change management, device provisioning, and discovery and inventory, among other network processes. When done manually, these processes can be time-consuming and prone to errors. Automating them saves time, reduces errors, lowers operating expenses, and improves network efficiency. It streamlines the maintenance of both physical and virtual network devices across data centers, WAN (wide area networks), and cloud environments.
Any type of network controlled through the CLI (command-line interface) or an API (application programming interface) can be automated. This includes LANs (local area networks), WANs (wide area networks), wireless networks, data center networks.
Script-driven network automation uses scripting and programming languages to carry out tasks. Intelligent (software-based) network automation is regulated by an administrative portal, eliminating the need to script commands by hand. These types of platforms generally provide templates for use in creating and executing tasks based on plain language policies.
Tasks that can be undertaken by network automation solutions include:
- Network planning and design
- Device testing and configuration verification
- Provisioning of deployed physical services and devices
- Deployment and provisioning of virtual devices
- Collection of network data
- Analysis of data
- Updating and/or rollback of software
- Closed-loop remediation of network issues
- Troubleshooting and repair
- Implementation of security compliance