Hi security professionals,
Can you please clarify the definition of the Zero Trust vs Least Privileged model? How are they different?
In which cases you'd use each of them? Please share an example.
Thanks for sharing your knowledge!
Consultant at a tech services company with 1,001-5,000 employees
Jul 12, 2022
Least Privilege is about giving the least privilege (role and privilege) as required by the user, while Zero Trust completely eliminates trust at a whole level, whether internal or external.
Zero Trust sample is MFA, where you would need to validate your access credentials (e.g., through biometrics).
Least privilege access is used to provide access needed to perform a role or action, which is good, while Zero trust completely assumes every attempt as a possible compromise and treats it as such.
If something with the least privilege access tries to access any resource in an environment where Zero Trust is implemented, Zero trust will still take precedence.
IDM Engineer at a tech services company with 51-200 employees
Feb 23, 2022
Identity and access management in the cloud - there are more interpretations of this question - like where are the identities stored (on-premise/in cloud/ both with sync between them already)?
where is the service with managed access located? what is the access based on?
what kind of SSO service API is supported by the user store/ application if any?
what authentication methods are supported by applications/services?
what technology is preferred by customers consuming/planed to consume those services?
What authorizations are possible/requested and based on what?
Too many possibilities, too many options to answer it in short.
To be honest, universal best practices in this area, as I am aware of, don't exist yet.
Case by case, the best practices will be different based on answers to the questions above.
Case by case, that will be the very first thing I am going to tell.
In general, you will definitely need a team to start, IT professionals, application owners, and a trustworthy partner who has the skills.
IAM product-wise, the top-ranking list on the market is always the resort, so go and find someone （architecturally, not sales) from e.g., One Identity, AAD, and have them carve your way out.
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A privileged user is someone who has administrative access to critical systems. For instance, anyone who can set up and delete user accounts and roles on your Oracle database is a privileged user.
Active Directory is the directory service database to store the organizational-based data, policy, authentication, etc. whereas ldap is the protocol used to talk to the directory service database that is ad or adam.
LDAP sits on top of the TCP/IP stack and controls internet directory access. It is environment agnostic
Without going into too much detail since I'm not an expert in this field myself.
LDAP is a connection protocol and a query creation language, which can for example allow the exchange between several LDAP compatible directories or make queries in these directories, while the AD is a Directory whose role is to keep a set of information, to store data. Moreover, ActiveDirectory is an LDAP directory.
LDAP is a directory services protocol.
Active Directory is a directory server that uses the LDAP protocol. Active Directory is a proprietory directory server built by Microsoft that leverage SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) and Kerberos as an authentification mechanism.